The most charming city of the Russian's northwest

Today our jorney is to Vologda. What is so special about this place?

1147, this is the year when Vologda was mentioned in the documents for the first time.
224 historical and architectural monuments of different styles and epochs are housed here;
In the 16th century, during the reign of Ivan IV the Terrible, the main trade route to England passed through Vologda;
In 1789, the first public bank in Russia began operating in Vologda;
In 1888, the first pawnshop in the state was opened here;
In 1911-1912 Joseph Stalin, was serving his exile here;
In 1918 Vologda was the "diplomatic capital of Russia". 11 embassies were in service here.
Since the beginning of the 19th century, Vologda exported lace and local lace-makers were highly appreciated at the Paris, Brussels and other international exhibitions.

Vologda is of the same age as Moscow and its contribution to Russian history is not less appreciable than that of Moscow. It is considered the most charming and interesting city to visit after St.-Petersburg in the whole northwest region. 

How we get there? By comfortable sleeping train from Moscow (8hrs) or from St.Petersburg (11hrs). 

 What to see there? 

  • Vologda Kremlin 

In the XXVI century Ivan the Terrible planned to move the capital of the state from Moscow to Vologda. He he ordered to built the Kremlin here double size of the Moscow one. The construction began in 1565 but soon Tsar lost an interest in it. As a result, the Vologda Kremlin turned into a typical long-term construction. The Kremlin we can see today was finished 200 years later. It is very far from the original idea of the Tsar but huge and impressive anyway. 

  • Saint Sophia Cathedral

St.Sophia is the oldest surviving stone structure in town. It was founded in 1568 by order of Ivan the Terrible and should resemble the Assumption Cathedral in Moscow. In 1923, St. Sophia Cathedral was given to the local History museum and for a long time it housed an exposition on the history of religion and atheism. Today it is open to tourists, but only in the summer. 

  • Spaso-Prilutsky monastery

Spaso-Prilutsky Dimitriev Monastery is considered one of the oldest and largest monasteries in the Russian North. It was founded in 1371 by Saint Demetrius of Prilutsky, a disciple of Sergius of Radonezh. The most significant buildings on the territory of the monastery are the Cathedral of the Transfiguration of the Savior in 1542 and the wooden tent-roofed Assumption Church, which was moved from the Alexandro-Kushta desert.

  • Lace Museum

The only Lace Museum in Russia was opened in in 2010 in the former building of the State Bank. Vologda lace gained recognition in the early XIX century. The exposition of the museum is devoted to the history of lace making in Vologda and in the world. The first room tells about European lace centers in Germany, France, Poland, Slovakia and Spain. In the second room you can see samples of peasant costumes, ethnographic textiles and lace products from the 1920-1940s. The museum also displays contemporary works of local lace-makers. The museum hosts master classes, so you can try your hand at the lace-making.

  • Resurrection Cathedral

In 1776, next to the "cold" Cathedral of St. Sophia, a "warm" Resurrection Church was built, intended for worship in winter. It is one of the best sample of the very few Baroque style cathedrals in Russia and it has survived until our days in its origin.

Where to stay?

Here in Vologda I would propose the hotel which is on the list of the top 10 unique Russia's hotel: Biblioteka (Library).

It occupies an old wooden mansion and hotel rooms are decorated in the style of ten well-known works, including Sherlock Holmes, Eugene Onegin, and One Thousand and One Nights. Hotel features a gastrobar, bookshop, and bath-house/sauna.

If you need more information or/and tour proposal please contact Fremad Russia DMC.